APULIA - History, Legend, Religion: San Giovanni Rotondo, Monte Sant’Angelo

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In the footsteps of Saint Michael the Archangel and Saint Pio of Pietrelcina

PARTENZE
data 31.12.2017
On request €
PROGRAMMA VIAGGIO
Day 1
+

A trip to San Giovanni Rotondo:

The site is a concentration of the places tied to the figure of Padre Pio, including the new Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie designed by Renzo Piano, the monastery and old Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Francesco Messina's monumental Via Crucis, the monument of Padre Pio sculpted by Pericle Fazzini, and the Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (House of Relief from Suffering). 

Day 2
+

A trip to Monte Sant’Angelo, UNESCO World Heritage Site, and back to San Giovanni Rotondo.

 

Monte Sant’Angelo and its Sanctuary

One of the most sacred shrines to the Archangel in the entire world, the Santuario di San Michele or Shrine to St. Michael is built into the ancient Via Sacra Langobardorum. It stands on the heights of Monte Sant'Angelo, surrounded by a verdant, impervious landscape within Gargano National Park. The holy site's stark facade welcomes pilgrims beneath its two grand arches, in turn surmounted by a niche hosting the statue of the Archangel himself.

 

“The cult of St. Michael spread from its origins in the ancient Near East to the West sometime in the fourth and fifth centuries, following in the legendary footsteps of Greek heroes to southern Italy. In Italy, the cult landed on the site of an ancient healing center associated with Calchas and Podaleirius. When the garganic promontory was threatened by an incursion of Byzantine troops from Naples, the Lombard duke of Benevento mustered his forces to protect the sanctuary of the archangel. Thus, the cult of St. Michael was appropriated by the Lombards and transformed from a cult characterized by miraculous healing into an enterprise of nationalist expansion. Sometime in the sixth century, the cult spread to Merovingian Gaul, where it eventually flourished under the Carolingian dynasty, who adopted St. Michael as the patron saint of their imperial ambitions. Irish missionaries first came in contact with the cult of Saint Michael on their continental peregrinations and particularly in Gaul, which served as the meeting ground of Eastern and Western religious traditions, and brought back to Ireland with them a tradition of devotion to the archangel. In the legends, the archangel is most often characterized as an eschatology hero responsible for protecting the souls of the faithful in life, conveying their souls to heaven in death, for slaying Antichrist, and for summoning the dead to the Judgement on the Day of Doom.

Athough never formally canonized by the church, St. Michael enjoyed considerable popularity from the earliest days of his cult in the ancient Near East. Traditionally in the West, St. Michael has been celebrated on two principal feast days, May 8 and September 29, both of which originated with the cult of the archangel in Italy. Though no longer celebrated in the Roman calendar, the date May 8 hold special significance for the cult of St. Michael since it allegedly marks the day of both the archangel’s legendary apparition to consecrate his own church and his intercession on behalf of the Sipontans in their victory over the pagan Neapolitans. The special feast instituted to commemorate this victory spread over the entire Latin Church, but was later abandoned in favor of the feast of September 29, associated with the dedication of a church to the archangel on the Salarian Way, six miles north of Rome”.

“Saint Michael the Archangel in Medieval English Legend”

R. Freeman Johnson


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PROGRAMMA VIAGGIO
Day 1
+

A trip to San Giovanni Rotondo:

The site is a concentration of the places tied to the figure of Padre Pio, including the new Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie designed by Renzo Piano, the monastery and old Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Francesco Messina's monumental Via Crucis, the monument of Padre Pio sculpted by Pericle Fazzini, and the Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (House of Relief from Suffering). 

Day 2
+

A trip to Monte Sant’Angelo, UNESCO World Heritage Site, and back to San Giovanni Rotondo.

 

Monte Sant’Angelo and its Sanctuary

One of the most sacred shrines to the Archangel in the entire world, the Santuario di San Michele or Shrine to St. Michael is built into the ancient Via Sacra Langobardorum. It stands on the heights of Monte Sant'Angelo, surrounded by a verdant, impervious landscape within Gargano National Park. The holy site's stark facade welcomes pilgrims beneath its two grand arches, in turn surmounted by a niche hosting the statue of the Archangel himself.

 

“The cult of St. Michael spread from its origins in the ancient Near East to the West sometime in the fourth and fifth centuries, following in the legendary footsteps of Greek heroes to southern Italy. In Italy, the cult landed on the site of an ancient healing center associated with Calchas and Podaleirius. When the garganic promontory was threatened by an incursion of Byzantine troops from Naples, the Lombard duke of Benevento mustered his forces to protect the sanctuary of the archangel. Thus, the cult of St. Michael was appropriated by the Lombards and transformed from a cult characterized by miraculous healing into an enterprise of nationalist expansion. Sometime in the sixth century, the cult spread to Merovingian Gaul, where it eventually flourished under the Carolingian dynasty, who adopted St. Michael as the patron saint of their imperial ambitions. Irish missionaries first came in contact with the cult of Saint Michael on their continental peregrinations and particularly in Gaul, which served as the meeting ground of Eastern and Western religious traditions, and brought back to Ireland with them a tradition of devotion to the archangel. In the legends, the archangel is most often characterized as an eschatology hero responsible for protecting the souls of the faithful in life, conveying their souls to heaven in death, for slaying Antichrist, and for summoning the dead to the Judgement on the Day of Doom.

Athough never formally canonized by the church, St. Michael enjoyed considerable popularity from the earliest days of his cult in the ancient Near East. Traditionally in the West, St. Michael has been celebrated on two principal feast days, May 8 and September 29, both of which originated with the cult of the archangel in Italy. Though no longer celebrated in the Roman calendar, the date May 8 hold special significance for the cult of St. Michael since it allegedly marks the day of both the archangel’s legendary apparition to consecrate his own church and his intercession on behalf of the Sipontans in their victory over the pagan Neapolitans. The special feast instituted to commemorate this victory spread over the entire Latin Church, but was later abandoned in favor of the feast of September 29, associated with the dedication of a church to the archangel on the Salarian Way, six miles north of Rome”.

“Saint Michael the Archangel in Medieval English Legend”

R. Freeman Johnson


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